A child has been exposed to varicella. Which of the following should the nurse institute for infection control?
1. Airborne precautions.
2. Droplet precautions.
3. Contact precautions.
4. Indirect contact precautions.
Children with varicella or suspected varicella should be treated under airborne precautions in addition to standard precautions. Varicella is transmitted by airborne nuclei. Droplet precautions are indicated for conditions such as pertussis, meningococcal pneumonia, and rubella. Contact precautions are indicated for conditions such as draining major abscesses, acute viral conjunctivitis, and Clostridium difficile gastroenteritis. Indirect contact is not a method of controlling infection. Rather, it is a mode of transmission involving contamination via some intermediate object, such as an instrument, needle, or dressing, or by hands that are not washed or gloves that are not changed between clients.
CN: Safety and infection control; CL: Synthesize