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ISPN考试模拟试题(378)

Question:

A client with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is bedridden at home and gets little exercise. The nurse should assess the client for which of the following? 

1. Increased sodium retention. 

2. Increased calcium excretion. 

3. Increased insulin use. 

4. Increased red blood cell production.

 


Prolonged inactivity causes the body to excrete excessive calcium. This leads to breakdown of bone tissue; as a result, the bones become brittle and fracture easily a condition known as osteoporosis. The excessive calcium excretion that occurs during bed rest also predisposes the client to formation of renal calculi. Prolonged bed rest does not increase sodium retention, insulin use, or red blood cell production. 

CN: Physiological adaptation; CL: Analyze

Answer:2

 

翻译

 

问题:

一位患有慢性阻塞性肺病的病人在家卧床不起,很少运动。护士应评估病人以下哪项?

1.钠潴留增加。

2.钙排泄增加。

3.胰岛素使用增加。

4.红细胞生成增加。

 

答案:2

长期不活动会导致身体排出过量的钙。这会导致骨组织破裂;结果,骨骼变得脆弱,容易骨折,这就是骨质疏松症。在卧床休息期间,过量的钙排泄也使病人容易形成肾结石。长期卧床休息不会增加钠潴留、胰岛素使用或红细胞生成。

CN:生理适应;CL:分析

小编寄语The world will make way for those who have goals and vision.世界会向那些有目标和远见的人让路。

时间:2020/10/24 15:07:37
 
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