A client has been diagnosed with early alcoholic cirrhosis. The client should be taught that changing which of the following behaviors could potentially reverse the pathologic changes occurring in the liver?
1. Do not become fatigued.
2. Avoid drinking alcohol.
3. Eliminate smoking.
4. Eat a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet.
Alcoholic cirrhosis is associated with excessive alcohol intake. In the early stages, the liver develops fatty changes. If alcohol intake stops, the fatty changes can be reversed. Avoiding overexertion is important in the client with cirrhosis, but it does not reverse the disease.
Stopping smoking is a positive, healthy lifestyle change, but it does not have an impact on cirrhosis. A diet high in carbohydrates and low in fat is also recommended for the client with cirrhosis, but the diet does not reverse the pathologic changes that have occurred in the liver.
CN: Reduction of risk potential; CL: Synthesize